Skip to content

Mitigation of Terrorist Threats at Venues during Ingress and Egress

Guidance to highlight the primary security concerns arising during the ingress and egress phases of venue operations.

Last Updated 03 June 2024

The ingress and egress phase of venue operations is a time when customers and members of the public may be most vulnerable. Considering the safety and security of staff and visitors is an essential task for those responsible for any premises. Recognising vulnerabilities in these situations and striving to reduce them is a fundamental part of protective security planning.

NPSA's 'Mitigation of terrorist threats at venues during ingress and egress' guidance aims to highlight the primary security concerns arising during the ingress and egress phases of venue operations. It subsequently details various strategies for mitigating the related risks. 

Mitigation of terrorist threats at venues during ingress and egress guidance document front cover

The guidance outlines potential vulnerabilities during ingress and egress and then provides a scalable approach to security regimes, from a basic design to more complex solutions. It covers:

  • Crowding during ingress and egress
  • Key components of reducing risk
  • Understanding potential threats
  • Identifying vulnerabilities during ingress and egress
  • Control measures to be considered when looking to reduce risk
  • The importance of recording security processes, testing, reviewing and revising
  • Through an example, shows how control measures may be applied at a venue

The guidance can be applied to any venue where crowds are likely to form, ranging from stadia, concert venues and exhibition centres through to nightclubs, shopping malls and even temporary sites that are set up for short periods such as festivals. 

Guidance NPSA, in collaboration with ACT, is proud to announce the publication of Recognising Terrorist Threats a guide for the security professional.
See, Check and Notify (SCaN) aims to help businesses and organisations maximise safety and security using their existing resources
Control room security personnel capability -  major events
Resource Quick reference guide for staff responsible for the set up and management of security at major events. The guidance aims to improve the effectiveness of security operations, by recognising the human factors considerations in the design and management of control rooms and security personnel.
Why and how hostile reconnaissance is conducted, and the principles of how to disrupt threats during the reconnaissance phase, along with practical measures on how to reduce the vulnerability of their site
Guidance NPSA has recently updated its guidance on the use of private sector explosives detection dog services
Guidance Screening people and their belongings at entry points helps reduce the likelihood of explosive devices, weapons, and other hazardous or prohibited items being brought into buildings or sites
Guidance When developing any requirements for blast protection, it is important to decide which weapons and delivery method need to be addressed
Guidance Effective Command and Control is critical to mitigating the impact of terrorist incidents. Information is provided that is intended to enhance the capability of Security Control Room (SCR) operators to respond to incidents
Training Part of a series, NPSA have released a new video to highlight the experience of those who have attended the security control room operators' and managers course
Guidance Physical and personnel security measures for major events require specific consideration due to their dynamic and complex character.
Guidance This short guidance is intended to help those responsible for the procurement of a Private Security Contractor (PSC) for an event
Did you find this page useful? Yes No